四川大学外国语学院241英语(自主命题)历年考研真题及详解

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摘要 : 目录封面内容简介目录2006年四川大学外国语学院211二外英语真题及详解2007年四川大学外国语学院211二外英语真题及详解2008年四川大学外国语学院211二外英语真题及详解2009年四川大学外国语学院211二外英语真题及详解2010年四川大学外国语学院241二外英语真题及详解2011年四川大学外...
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内容简介
目录
2006年四川大学外国语学院211二外英语真题及详解
2007年四川大学外国语学院211二外英语真题及详解
2008年四川大学外国语学院211二外英语真题及详解
2009年四川大学外国语学院211二外英语真题及详解
2010年四川大学外国语学院241二外英语真题及详解
2011年四川大学外国语学院241二外英语真题及详解
2012年四川大学外国语学院241二外英语真题及详解
2013年四川大学外国语学院241二外英语真题及详解
2014年四川大学外国语学院241二外英语真题及详解
2015年四川大学外国语学院241二外英语真题及详解
2016年四川大学外国语学院241二外英语真题及详解
2017年四川大学外国语学院241英语(自主命题)真题及详解
说明:部分年份的科目代码会有变动,各年真题的科目代码也可能不一样。
内容简介 本书收录了四川大学外国语学院“241英语(自主命题)”历年考研真题(注意:部分年份的科目代码会有变动,各年真题的科目代码也可能不一样,具体参见本书目录),且所有真题均提供详细的答案解析,备考价值尤为珍贵!
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2006年四川大学外国语学院211二外英语真题及详解
Part ⅠReading Comprehension (2’×25=50’)
Passage One
A recent study, published lastweek’s Journal of the American Medical Association, offers a picture ofhow risky it is to get a lift from a teenage driver. Indeed, a 16-year-olddriver with three or more passengers is three times as likely to have a fatalaccident as a teenager driving alone. By contrast, the risk of death fordrivers between 30 and 59 decreases with each additional passenger.
The adults also found that thedeath rates for teenage drivers increased dramatically after 10 p.m., andespecially after midnight. With passengers in the car, the driver was even morelikely to die in a late-night accident.
Robert Foss, a scientist at theUniversity of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center, says the higherdeath rates for teenage drivers have less to do with “really stupid behavior”than with just a lack of driving experience.① “The basic issue.” he says, “is that adults who are responsible forissuing licenses fail to recognize how complex and skilled a task driving is.”
Both he and the author of thestudy believe mat the way to mitigate (使……缓解) the problem is to havestates institute so-called graduated licensing systems, in which getting alicense is a multistage process. A graduated license requires that a teenagerfirst prove himself capable of driving in the presence of an adult, followed bya period of driving with night of passenger restrictions, before graduating tofull driving privileges.
Graduated licensing systems havereduced teenage driver crashes, according to recent studies. About hair of thestates now have some sort of graduated licensing system in place, but only 10of those states have restrictions on passengers, California is the strictest,with a novice (新手) driver prohibited from carryingany passenger under 20 (without the presence of an adult over 25) for the firstsix months.

1.Which of the following situations is must dangerous according to the passage?
A. Adults giving a lift toteenagers on the highway after 10 p.m.
B. A teenager driving aftermidnight with passengers in the car.
C. Adults driving with three ormore teenage passengers late at night.
D. A teenager getting a lift froma stranger on the highway at midnight.
2.According to Robert Foss. The high death rate of teenage drivers is mainly dueto ______.
A. their frequent driving atnight
B. their improper way of driving
C. their lack of drivingexperience
D. their driving with passengers
3.According to Paragraph 3, which of the following statements is TRUE?
A. Teenagers should spend moretime learning to drive.
B. Driving is a skill toocomplicated for teenagers to learn.
C. Restrictions should be imposedon teenagers applying to take driving lessons.
D. The licensing authorities arepartly responsible for teenagers’ driving accidents.
4.A suggested measure to be taken to reduce teenagers’ driving accidents is that______.
A. driving in the presence of anadult should be made a rain
B. they should be prohibited fromtaking on passengers
C. they should not be allowed todrive after 10 p.m.
D. the licensing system should beimproved
5.The present situation in about half of the slates is that the graduatedlicensing system ______.
A. is under discussion
B. is about to be set up
C. has been put into effect
D. has been perfected
【答案与解析】
1.B 文章第一段倒数第二句“the death rates for teenage drivers increaseddramatically after 10 p.m.”由此可见青年人深夜开车是危险的,B项正确。而第二句说“a 16-year-old driver with three or more passengersis three times…a teenager driving alone”,可知C项错误,不是adults。
2.C 第二段第一句“thehigher death rates for teenage drivers… just a lack of driving experience”说明青少年驾车死亡率较高主要是由于缺乏驾驶经验,故选C。
3.D 第二段最后一句“adultswho are responsible for issuing licenses fail to recognize how complex andskilled a task driving is”,意思是“最根本的问题是发证机关没有意识到驾驶是一项多么复杂和技术性的工作”,可以推断发证机关对车祸的发生也有一定责任,因此D项正确。
4.D 第四段第一句“theway to mitigate (使……缓解) the problem is to havestates institute so-called graduated licensing systems”说明驾照系统需要改进,故选D。
5.C 最后一段第二句“havesome sort of graduated licensing system in place”意思就是putinto effect,故选C。

Passage Two
If you know exactly what youwant, the best route to a job is to get specialized training. A recent surveyshows that companies the graduates in such fields as business and health carewho can go to work immediately with very little on-the-job training.
That’s especially true of booingfluids that are challenging for workers. At Cornell’s School of HotelAdministration, for example, bachelor’s degree graduates get an average of fouror five job offers with salaries ranging from the high teens to the low 20s andplenty of chances for rapid advancement.② Large companies, especially, like a background of formal educationcoupled with work experience.
But in the long run, too muchspecialization doesn’t pay off. Business, which has been flooded with MBAs, nolonger considers the degree an automatic stamp of approval. The MBA may open doorsand command a higher salary initially, but the impact of a degree washes outafter five years. As further evidence of the erosion (消蚀)of corporate (公司的) faith in specialized degrees, MichiganState’s Scheetz cites a pattern in corporate hiring practices. Althoughcompanies tend to take on specialists as new hires, they often seek outgeneralists for middle and upper-level management. “They want someone who isn’tconstrained (限制) by nuts anti bolts to look atthe big picture,” says Scheetz.
This sounds suspiciously like aformal statement that you approve of the liberal-arts graduate. Time and againlabor-market analysts mention a need for talents that liberal-arts majors are assumedto have: writing and communication skills, organizational skills,open-mindedness and adaptability, and the ability to analyze and solveproblems, David Birch claims be does not hire anybody with an MBA or anengineering degree, “I hire only liberal-arts people because they have aless-than-canned way of doing things,” says Birch. Liberal-arts means anacademically thorough and strict program that includes literature, history,mathematics, economics, science, human behavior—plus a computer course or two.With that under your belt, you can feel free to specialize, “A liberal-artsdegree coupled with an MBA or some other technical training is a very good combinationin the marketplace,” says Scheetz.

6.What kinds of people are in high demand on the job market?
A. Students with a bachelor’sdegree in humanities.
B. People with an MBA degreefront top universities.
C. People with formal schoolingplus work experience.
D. People with special trainingin engineering
7.By saying “...but the impact of a degree washes out after five years” (Para.3), the author means ______.
A. most MBA programs fail toprovide students with a solid foundation
B. an MBA degree does not helppromotion to managerial positions
C. MBA programs will not be aspopular in five years’ time as they are now
D. in five people will forgetabout the degree the MBA graduates have got
8.According to Scheetz’s statement (Para 3), companies prefer ______.
A. people who have a strategicmind
B. people who are talented infine arts
C. people who are ambitious andaggressive
D. people who have receivedtraining in mechanics
9.David Birch claims that he only hires liberal-arts people because ______.
A. they are more capable ofhandling changing situations
B. they can stick to establishedways of solving problems
C. they are thoroughly trained ina variety of specialized fields
D. they have attended special programsin management
10.Which of the following statements does the author support?
A. Specialists are more expensiveto hire than generalists.
B. Formal schooling is lessimportant than job training.
C. On-the-job training is, in thelong run, less costly.
D. Generalists will outdospecialists in management.
【答案与解析】
6.C 第二段最后一句“Largecompanies like…formal education coupled with work experience”,可知学历和经验兼有的人们在人才市场上占优势。故选C。
7.B 该段第三句句意:工商管理硕士在刚开始进入公司并且得到高一些的薪水会有作用,但五年以后这个学位的影响力便要不复存在了。由此可推知MBA虽然可以有更多机会进入公司,但经过一段时间后,在晋升等各方面这个学位便不再有什么作用,而要看一个人真正的能力。故B项正确。
8.A 根据第三段最后,公司需要“not constrained”的人,而不是“people just inspecialized degrees”。所以A项正确,灵活具有战略性头脑的人们是市场的需要。
9.A 第四段最后“Liberal-artsmeans an academically thorough…you can feel free to specialize”,可以看出“liberal-artspeople”在各个方面都会有涉猎,而不是只专注于一方面而对其他一无所知,因此他们会很灵活,可以在不同情况下处理不同的问题。故A项是DavidBirch的原因,B,C,D均不符合文中意思。
10.D 文章的焦点在于对generalists和specialists在工作中哪一种会更有效更出色进行分析探讨,并得出结论generalists比specialists更灵活更有战略性。而在“hire fees”“training fees”以及“thecomparison between formal schooling and job training”方面,文章并没有讨论。故A,B,C均不正确。

Passage Three
Crying is hardly an activityencouraged by society. Tears, be they of sorrow, anger, on joy, typically makeAmericans feel uncomfortable and embarrassed. The shedder of tears is likely toapologize, even when a devastating (毁灭性的) tragedy was theprovocation. The observer of tears is likely to do everything possible to putan end to the emotional outpouring. But judging from recent studies ofcrying behavior, links between illness and crying and the chemical compositionof tears, both those responses to tears are often inappropriate and may even becounterproductive.③
Humans are the only animalsdefinitely known to shed emotional tears. Since evolution has given rise tofew, if any, purposeless physiological response, it is logical to assume thatcrying has one or more functions that enhance survival.
Although some observers havesuggested that crying is a way to elicit assistance form others (as a cryingbaby might from its mother), the shedding of tears is hardly necessary to get help.Vocal cries would have been quite enough, more likely than tears to gainattention. So, it appears, there must be something special about tearsthemselves.
Indeed, the new studies suggestthat emotional tears may play a direct role in alleviating stress, Universityof Minnesota researchers who are studying the chemical composition of tearshave recently isolated two important chemicals from emotional tears. Bothchemicals are found only in tears that are shed in response to emotion. Tearsshed bemuse of exposure to cut onion would contain no such substance.
Researchers at several otherinstitutions are investigating the usefulness of tears as a means of diagnosinghuman ills and monitoring drugs.
At Tulane University’s TeatAnalysis Laboratory Dr. Peter Knurl and his colleagues report that they can usetears to detect drug abuse and exposure to medication (药物),to determine whether a contact lens fits properly of why it may beuncomfortable, to study the causes of “dry eye” syndrome and the effects of eyesurgery, and perhaps even to measure exposure to environmental pollutants.
At Columbia University Dt. LiasyFarts and colleagues are studying tears for clues to the diagnosis of diseasesaway from the eyes. Tears can be obtained painlessly without invading the bodyand only tiny amounts are needed to perform highly refined analyses.

11.It is known from the first paragraph that ______.
A. shedding tears givesunpleasant feelings to American
B. crying may often imitatepeople or even result m tragedy
C. crying usually wins sympathyfrom other people
D. one who sheds tears in publicwill be blamed
12.What does “both those responses to tears” (Para, 1) refer to?
A. Crying out of sorrow and sheddingtears for happiness.
B. The embarrassment andunpleasant sensation of the observers.
C. The tear shedder’s apology andthe observer’s effort to stop the crying.
D. Linking illness with cryingand finding the chemical composition of tears.
13.“Counterproductive” (Para, 1) very probably means “______”.
A. having no effect at all
B. leading to tension
C. producing disastrous impact
D. harmful to health
14.What does the author say about crying?
A. It is a pointlessphysiological response to the environment.
B. It must have a role to play inman’s survival.
C. It is meant to get attentionand assistance.
D. It usually produces the desiredeffect.
15.What can be inferred from the new studies of tears?
A. Emotional tears have thefunction of reducing stress.
B. Exposure to excessivemedication may increase emotional tears.
C. Emotional tears can give riseto “dry eye” syndrome in some cases.
D. Environmental pollutants caninduce the shedding of emotional tears.
【答案与解析】
11.A 第二句“tearsmake Americans feel uncomfortable and embarrassed”,可知A项正确。
12.C 整体看第一段可知,“those responses”指的是前面的“the shedder of tearsis likely to apologize和the observer of tearsis to put an end to the emotional outpouring”,因此C项正确。
13.D counter前缀是“逆,相反的”意思,据文中所写,研究的是“the links between illness andcrying”,可以推测counterproductive是“对身体有害”的意思,故选D。
14.B 第二段最后“cryinghas one or more functions that enhance survival”,可知哭在人类进化生存中起作用,故B项正确。
15.A 第四段第一句“thenew studies suggest that emotional tears may play a direct role in alleviatingstress”,可知眼泪可以缓和压力,故A项正确。

Passage Four
It is no secret among athletesthat in order to improve performance you’ve got to work hard. However, hardtraining breaks you down and makes you weaker. It is rest that makes you stronger.Improvement only occurs during the rest period following hard training. This adaptationis accomplished by improving efficiency of the heart and certain systems withinthe muscle cells. During recovery periods these systems build to greater levelsto compensate for the stress that you have applied. The result is that you arenow at a higher level of performance.
If sufficient rest is notincluded in a training program, imbalance between excess training andinadequate rest will occur, and performance will decline. The “overtrainingsyndrome (综合症)” is the name given to thecollection of emotional, behavioral, and physical symptoms due to overtrainingthat has persisted for weeks to months. It is marked by cumulative exhaustion thatpersists even after recovery periods.
The most common symptom isfatigue. This may limit workouts and may be present at rest. The athlete mayalso become moody, easily imitated, have altered sleep patterns, becomedepressed, or lose the competitive desire and enthusiasm for the sport.④Some will report decreased appetite and weight loss. Physical symptoms includepersistent muscular soreness, increased frequency of viral (病毒性的)illnesses, and increased incidence of injuries.
The treatment for the overtrainingsyndrome is rest. The longer the overtraining has occurred, the more rest required,Therefore, early detection is very important, if the overtraining has onlyoccurred for a short period of time (e.g. 3-4 weeks) then interrupting trainingfor 3-5 days is usually sufficient rest. It is important that the factors thatlead to overtraining be identified and corrected. Otherwise, the overtrainingsyndrome is likely to recur. The overtraining syndrome should be considered inany athlete who manifests symptoms of prolonged fatigue and whose performancehas leveled off or decreased. It is important to exclude any underlyingillness that may be responsible for the fatigue.

16.The first paragraph of the passage tells us that ______.
A. the harder an athlete trains,the better his performance will be
B. rest after vigorous trainingimproves an athlete’s performance
C. strict systematic training isessential to an athlete’s top performance
D. improvement of an athlete’sperformance occurs in the course of training
17.By “overtraining” the author means ______.
A. a series of physical symptomsthat occur after training
B. undue emphasis on theimportance of physical exertion
C. training that is notadequately compensated for by rest
D. training that has exceeded anathlete’s emotional limits
18.What does the passage tell us about the “overtraining” syndrome?
A. It occurs when athletes loseinterest in sports.
B. It appears right after a hardtraining session.
C. The fatigue it results in isunavoidable in the athlete’s training process.
D. It manifests itself in fatiguewhich lingers even after a recovery period.
19.What does the phrase “level off” (Para. 4) most probably mean?
A. Slow down.
B. Become dull.
C. Stop improving.
D. Be on the decline.
20.The author advises at the end of the passage that ______.
A. overtraining syndrome shouldbe treated as a serious illness
B. overtraining syndrome shouldbe prevented before it occurs
C. an athlete with overtrainingsyndrome should take a lengthy rest
D. illness causing fatigue shouldnot be mistaken for overtraining syndrome
【答案与解析】
16.B 第一段整体都在讲训练之后的rest对运动员performance的提高。故B项正确。从第二和第三句话“hard training breaks you down…rest that makes you stronger”可知A和C不正确。从第四句话“Improvement only occurs during the rest period”可知D项也错误。
17.C 从第二段中的“imbalancebetween excess training and inadequate rest”可知overtraining意思是过度训练以至于得不到足够的休息,故答案C正确。
18.D 第二段最后一句“Itis marked by cumulative exhaustion that persists even after recovery periods”,可知过度训练会引起身体的劳累甚至在恢复期后这种劳累依然存在。故答案D正确。
19.C level off意为:稳定,保持平稳。在此句中应联系与performance的搭配,以及后面的decrease,因此可猜出,在此句应意为:没有进步,没有提高。该句句意:如果运动员表现出持续疲惫的状态或者其成绩没有提高甚至下滑,那么就应该考虑是否有过度训练综合症。
20.D 根据最后一句话的意思“把任何潜在的由疾病引起的疲乏排除在外,这很重要”,可知作者在最后建议区别不同的fatigue,是由illness引起的还是由overtrainingsyndrome引起的。故选D。

Passage Five
Hunting for a job late last year,lawyer Gant Redmon stumbled across CareerBuilder, a job database on theInternet. He searched it with no success but was attracted by the site’s “personalsearch agent”. It’s an interactive feature that lets visitors key in jobcriteria such as location, title, and salary, then E-mails them when a matchingposition, is posted in the database. Redmon chose the keywords legal,intellectual properly; and Washington, D.C.Three weeks later, he got his first notification of an opening. “I struckgold,” says Redmon, who E-mailed his resume to the employer and won a positionas in-house counsel for a company.
With thousands of career-relatedsites on the Internet, finding promising openings can be time-consuming andinefficient. Search agents reduce the need for repeated visits to the databases.But although a search agent worked for Redmon, career experts see drawbacks. Narrowingyour criteria, for example, may work against you: “Every time you answer a questionyou eliminate a possibility.” says one expert.
For any job search, you shouldstart with a narrow concept—what you think you want to do—then broaden it “Noneof these programs do that,” says another expert “There’s no career counselingimplicit in all of this.” Instead, the best strategy is to use the agent as a kindof tip service to keep abreast of jobs in a particular database; whenyou get E-mail, consider it a reminder to check the database again. “I wouldnot rely on agents for finding everything that is added to a database thatmight interest me,” says the author of a job-searching guide.
Some sites design their agents totempt job hunters to return. When CareerSite’s agent sends out messages tothose who have signed up for its service, for example, it includes only threepotential jobs—those it considers the best matches. There may be morematches in the database; job hunters will have to visit the site again to findthem—and they do.⑤ “On the dayafter we send our messages, we see a sharp increase in our traffic,” says Seth Peers,vice president of marketing for CareerSite.
Even those who aren’t bunting forjobs may find search agents worthwhile. Some use them to keep a close watch onthe demand for their line of work or gather information on compensation to armthemselves when negotiating for a raise. Although happily employed, Redrnonmaintains his agent at CareerBuilder. “You always keep your eyes open,” hesays. Working with a personal search agent means having another set of eyeslooking out for you.

21.How did Redmon find his job?
A. By searching openings in a jobdatabase.
B. By posting a matching positionin a database.
C. By using a special service ofa database.
D. By E-mailing his resume to adatabase.
22.Which of the following can be a disadvantage of search agents?
A. Lack of counseling.
B. Limited number of visits.
C. Lower efficiency.
D. Fewer successful matches.
23.The expression “tip service” (Paragraph 3) most probably means ______.
A. advisory
B. compensation
C. interaction
D. reminder
24.Why does CareerSite’s agent offer each job hunter only three job options?
A. To focus on better jobmatches.
B. To attract more returningvisits.
C. To reserve space for moremessages.
D. To increase the rate ofsuccess.
25.Which of the following is true according to the text?
A. Personal search agents areindispensable to job-hunters.
B. Some sites keep E-mailing jobseekers to trace their demands.
C. Personal search agents arealso helpful to those already employed.
D. Some agents stop sendinginformation to people once they are employed.
【答案与解析】
21.C 从第一段可知Redmon使用了database里的一个“personalsearch agent”,将他的个人资料输进去,一个有相关职位的公司就给他了E-mail,这样他得到了第一份工作。故选C。B项是由公司或雇主方要做的事情。
22.D 第二段最后一句“everytime you answer a question you eliminate a possibility”,可知searchagent缩小了范围,因此成功的机会也会减少。故选D。
23.D 从后面的“considerit a reminder”可知,把agent当作tipservice来使用时,它起的是一个reminder的作用。
24.B 第四段第一句“somesites design their agents to tempt job hunters to return”可知答案B正确。
25.C 最后一段第一句“thosewho aren’t bunting for jobs find search agents worthwhile”,可知对于已经有工作的人search agents也是有帮助的,故C项正确。A项说searchagents是不可缺少的,文中没有提到。B项和D项文中也没有提到。
Part IICloze Test (1’×10=10’)
Until recently most historiansspoke very critically of the Industrial Revolution. They (1)______ that in thelong run industrialization greatly raised the standard of living for the (2)______man. But they insisted that its (3)______ results during the period from 1750to 1850 were widespread poverty and misery for the (4)______ of the Englishpopulation. (5)______ contrast, they saw in the preceding hundred years from1650 to 1750, when England was still a (6)______ agricultural country, a periodof great abundance and prosperity.
This view, (7)______ , isgenerally thought to be wrong. Specialists (8)______ history and economics,have (9)______ two things: that the period from 1650 to 1750 was (10)______ bygreat poverty, and that industrialization certainly did not worsen and may haveactually improved the conditions for the majority of the populace.

1.A. admitted
B. believed
C. claimed
D. predicted
2.A. plain
B. average
C. mean
D. normal
3.A. momentary
B. prompt
C. instant
D. immediate
4.A. bulk
B. host
C. gross
D. magnitude
5.A. On
B. With
C. For
D. By
6.A. broadly
B. thoroughly
C. generally
D. completely
7.A. however
B. meanwhile
C. therefore
D. moreover
8.A. at
B. in
C. about
D. for
9.A. manifested
B. approved
C. shown
D. speculated
10.A. noted
B. impressed
C. labeled
D. marked
【答案与解析】
1.A admit承认。believe相信。claim要求;主张。predict预测。根据下文,这里是一个转折关系,他们承认工业化提高了生活水平,但是坚持认为……,所以选A。
2.B 形容人时:average指常人,普通老百姓。plain朴素的;不漂亮的。mean卑鄙的;吝啬的。normal正常的。
3.D immediate立即的,直接的。momentary瞬间的,短暂的。prompt迅速的,敏捷的。instant立即的,即刻的。本题关键要注意的已知信息点是后边的一个时间段“during the period from 1750 to1850”,正是这个时间段决定了不可能选择momentary,prompt以及instant这三个均表示时间短的词。而immediate在这里就是要表达工业革命“直接的结果”这个意思,所以D正确。
4.A the bulk of大部分,多半。ahost of许多。gross总额;毛的,总的。magnitude大小,数量,一般指巨大,广大,重要程度。
5.D by contrast对比起来,相比之下。
6.D completely完全地,强调广义上的全面性。broadly意为“概括性地;大概地”,与generally意思相近。thoroughly彻底地,强调具体方面、细节方面的彻底性。generally广泛地,普遍地,概括地。
7.A 文章结构表明,文章第二段和第一段内容正好相反。选项所在的句子又是段落主题句,所以应该选择表示语义转折的关联词。however意为“然而”,符合上下文的转折语义。meanwhile意为“同时”,表示时间递进关系。therefore意为“因此”,表示因果关系。moreover意为“此外”,表示上下文语义递进关系。
8.B in表示某方面、领域里的专家。句子中specialists in history andeconomics指历史学和经济学家。常用搭配specialize in在……有专长。at,about和for三项都不符合搭配习惯。
9.C show意为“说明,表明,证明”,等于prove的意思。manifest意为“清楚表示,明白显示”,是正式用语。approve赞成,批准;同意,满意。speculate意为“揣测,推测,设想”,是不及物动词。
10.D mark标记,有……特征。note记录,写下。impress使铭记,给留下深刻印象,常用介词搭配on/upon。label为……贴标签;被视为,被称作。

Part Ⅲ Choose the best one that can complete the wholesentence. (1’×30=30’)
1. If I were in movie,then it would be about time that I ______ my head in my hands for a cry.
A. bury
B. am burying
C. buried
D. would bury
【答案】C查看答案
【解析】Itis time引出的从句用were式虚拟句,即谓语用过去时,表示主观的看法,意思是“是该做某事的时候了”。故选C。

2. Good news wassometimes released prematurely, with the British recapture of the port ______half a day before the defenders actually surrendered.
A. to announce
B. announced
C. announcing
D. was announced
【答案】B查看答案
【解析】该句为with引导的独立主格结构,后面须接非谓语形式,recapture和announce是被动的关系,故选B。

3. According to onebelief, if truth is to be known it will make itself apparent, so one ______ waitinstead of searching for it.
A. would rather
B. had to
C. cannot but
D. had best
【答案】D查看答案
【解析】hadbest最好。would rather宁愿。hadto不得不。cannot but不能不,不仅要。


4. She felt suitablyhumble just as she ______ when he had first taken a good look at her city self,hair waved and golden, nails red and pointed.
A. had
B. had had
C. would have and
D. has had
【答案】A查看答案
【解析】此句主句是She felt suitablyhumble,后面是just as引导的方式状语从句。just as she had 是justas he had felt的省略形式,后面是when引导的时间状语从句说明had (felt)发生的时间。hair waved and golden,nails red and pointed作her city self的同位语。句意:她感到相当寒酸,就像他第一次打量她城里小姐的打扮(金色的波浪式的头发,尖尖的红指甲)时一样。

5. There was no signthat Mr. Jospin, who keeps a firm control on the party despite ______ fromleadership of it, would intervene personally.
A. being resigned
B. having resigned
C. going to resign
D. resign
【答案】B查看答案
【解析】despite后面要接名词性质的词或词组。结合上下文应用完成时态,因此选择B。

6. So involved withtheir computers ______ that leaders at summer computer camps often have toforce them to break for sports and games.
A. became the children
B. become the children
C. had the children become
D. do the children become
【答案】D查看答案
【解析】本题是倒装句的用法,so,such用于句首加强语气时,要用倒装句,句子谓语要部分倒装。C时态与题干时态不一致。

7. The individual TVviewer invariably senses that he or she is ______ an anonymous, statisticallyinsignificant part of a huge and diverse audience.
A. everything except
B. anything but
C. no less than
D. nothing more than
【答案】D查看答案
【解析】句意:只不过是微不足道的一分子而已。nothing more than仅仅,只不过。everythingexcept除……之外的所有事。anything but绝对不。noless than不少于。

8. One difficulty intranslation lies in obtaining a concept match. ______ this is meant that a conceptin one language is lost or changed in meaning in translation.
A. By
B. In
C. For
D. With
【答案】A查看答案
【解析】此句是mean sth. by... (what do you meanby this?)的变型。句中that引导的从句被后置,正常语序为:That a concept…is meant by this。inthis在于此。for this因此,为此。withthis到此为止,接下来。

9. Conversationbecomes weaker in a society that spends so much time listening and being talkedto ______ it has all but lost the will and the skill to speak for itself.
A. as
B. which
C. that
D. what
【答案】C查看答案
【解析】so…that…是一个惯用句型,引导表示目的或结果的状语从句,意思是“如此……以致……。”

10. Church as we use the word refers to allreligious institutions, ______ they Christian, Islamic, Buddhist, Jewish, andso on.
A. be
B. being
C. were
D. are
【答案】A查看答案
【解析】本题涉及省略句及倒装结构问题,其中be引导的让步状语从句,可理解为whether they may be...的省略倒装形式,另几个选项都不能用于此形式中。

11. He is too young tobe able to ______ between right and wrong.
A. discard
B. discern
C. disperse
D. disregard
【答案】B查看答案
【解析】句意:他太年轻,还不能分辨是非。discern辨别,区别。discard抛弃,遗弃。disperse驱散,传播。disregard不理,漠视。

12. It was no ______that his car was seen near the bank at the time of the robbery.
A. coincidence
B. convention
C. certainty
D. complication
【答案】A查看答案
【解析】coincidence巧合,凑巧。convention会议,传统,惯例,契约。certainty确信无疑,肯定。complication纠纷,复杂性。

13. One of theresponsibilities of the Coast Guard is to make sure that all ships ______ followtraffic roles in busy harbors.
A. cautiously
B. dutifully
C. faithfully
D. skillfully
【答案】B查看答案
【解析】dutifully尽职地,顺从地。cautiously谨慎地。faithfully忠实地。skillfully熟练地,灵活地,巧妙地。

14. The Eskimo isperhaps one of the most trusting and considerate of all Indians but seems to be______ the welfare of his animals.
A. critical about
B. indignant at
C. indifferent to
D. subject to
【答案】C查看答案
【解析】be indifferent to对……漠不关心。be critical about对……挑剔。be indignant at对……愤慨。be subject to服从于,取决于。因为前面是but,所以必须选择意思与considerate相反的C。

15. The chairman ofthe board ______ on me the unpleasant job of dismissing good workers the firmcan no longer afford to employ.
A. compelled
B. posed
C. pressed
D. tempted
【答案】C查看答案
【解析】presssth on sb.把……强加于人,这是一种固定用法。compel强迫,compelsb. to do。pose提出,陈述。tempt引诱,引起,冒险。

16. It is naive toexpect that any society can resolve all the social problems it is facedwith______.
A. for long
B. in and out
C. once for all
D. by nature
【答案】C查看答案
【解析】oncefor all一劳永逸地。for long长时间地,常用于否定句或疑问句中,意为“不再……”。in and out彻底地。bynature从本质上。

17. Using extremelydifferent decorating schemes in adjoining rooms may result in ______ and lackof unity in style.
A. conflict
B. confrontation
C. disturbance
D. disharmony
【答案】D查看答案
【解析】disharmony不和谐。conflict冲突,矛盾。confrontation对抗。disturbance扰乱,动荡。

18. The Timberrattlesnake is now on the endangered species list, and is extinct in two easternstates in which it once ______.
A. thrived
B. swelled
C. prospered
D. flourished
【答案】A查看答案
【解析】thrive常用于人类、动植物的繁衍生息。swell膨胀,肿大。prosper成功,昌盛。flourish繁荣,茂盛。

19. However, growth inthe fabricated metals industry was able to ______ some of the decline in theiron and steel industry.
A. overturn
B. overtake
C. offset
D. oppress
【答案】C查看答案
【解析】offset抵销,冲销。overturn推翻,颠覆。overtake追上,赶上,超越。oppress压迫,压制,常用于被动语态。

20. Because of itsintimacy, radio is usually more than just a medium; it is ______.
A. firm
B. company
C. corporation
D. enterprise
【答案】B查看答案
【解析】company公司,同仁,伙伴,陪伴。firm公司,商号。常用于英国英语和口语中。corporation法人团体,在美国英语中指股份有限公司。enterprise企业。本题选择B中伙伴的意思最符合题意。

21. When any non-humanorgan is transplanted into a person, the body immediately recognizes it as______.
A. novel
B. remote
C. distant
D. foreign
【答案】D查看答案
【解析】foreign外来的,无关的,异体的。novel新颖的,新奇的。remote遥远的,偏远的。distant远距离的;冷淡的。

22. My favorite radiosong is the one I first heard on a thick 1923 Edison disc I ______ at a garagesale.
A. trifled with
B. scraped through
C. stumbled upon
D. thirsted for
【答案】C查看答案
【解析】stumbleupon偶然发现。trifle with戏弄,玩耍。scrapethrough擦过,勉强通过。thirst for渴望。

23. Some day softwarewill translate both written and spoken language so well that the need for anycommon second language could ______.
A. descend
B. decline
C. deteriorate
D. depress
【答案】B查看答案
【解析】decline指力量、势力、数量或影响力等方面的衰弱、下降。descend下来,下降,遗传。deteriorate恶化,变坏。depress压抑,使沮丧。

24. Equipment not______ official safety standards has all been removed from the workshop.
A. conforming to
B. consistent with
C. predominant over
D. providing for
【答案】A查看答案
【解析】conformto遵守,符合。consistent with与……前后一致的。predominant over占优势的,主要的。providefor提供,抚养。

25. As an industry,biotechnology stands to ______ electronics in dollar volume and perhaps surpassit in social impact by 2020.
A. contend
B. contest
C. rival
D. strive
【答案】C查看答案
【解析】rival及物动词,可与……竞争,与……匹敌,比得上……。contend竞争,斗争,contendfor为……而斗争,竞争;contend with/against与……竞争。contest及物动词,与……竞争,斗争。strive 不及物动词,strive with/against与……斗争;strivefor为……而奋斗。stand to坚持。

26. ______ theenormous flow of food from the entire globe, these countries have for manyyears not felt any population pressure.
A. Thanks to
B. By means of
C. In line with
D. With regard to
【答案】A查看答案
【解析】句意:由于全球大量的食物流动,这些国家很多年都没感觉到人口的压力。thanks to由于,多亏,因为。by means of通过,用,借助于。in line with符合。withregard to关于。

27. Researchuniversities have to keep up with the latest computer and scientific hardware ______price.
A. On account of
B. regardless of
C. in addition to
D. not to mention
【答案】B查看答案
【解析】regardlessof无论如何,不管。on account of由于。inaddition to除……之外。not to mention不必提及。

28. Three universitydepartments have been ______ $600,000 to develop good practice in teaching andlearning.
A. promoted
B. included
C. secured
D. awarded
【答案】D查看答案
【解析】award授予。promote促进;发扬;提升,提拔,晋升为。include包括,包含。secure保护。

29. The rapid developmentof communications technology is transforming the ______ in which peoplecommunicate across time and space.
A. mood
B. mission
C. manner
D. vision
【答案】C查看答案
【解析】句意:通讯技术的快速发展改变了人们跨越时空交流的方式。manner方式,样式,习惯。mood心情,情绪,语气,状态。mission使命,任务,使团,代表团。vision视力,先见之明,想象力,幻想,景象。

30. Mr. Jones holdsstrong views against video games and ______ the closing of all recreationfacilities for such games.
A. assists
B. acknowledges
C. advocates
D. admits
【答案】C查看答案
【解析】句意:琼斯先生激烈反对视频游戏,主张把所有这种游戏的娱乐设施撤掉。advocate拥护,提倡,主张。assist援助,帮助。acknowledge承认,答谢,报偿。admit容许,承认,接纳。

Part Ⅳ Put the five sentences underlined in Part Ⅰ into Chinese.(2’×5=10’)
Passage one
RobertFoss, a scientist at the University of North Carolina Highway Safety ResearchCenter, says the higher death rates for teenage drivers have less to do with“really stupid behavior” than with just a lack of driving experience.
【答案】罗勃特费司是北卡罗莱纳州大学高速公路安全研究中心的一名科学家,它说青少年驾车死亡率较高主要是由于缺乏驾驶经验,而与“实在愚蠢的行为”关系较小。查看答案

Passage Two
AtCornell’s School of Hotel Administration, for example, bachelor’s degreegraduates get an average of four or five job offers with salaries ranging fromthe high teens to the low 20s and plenty of chances for rapid advancement.
【答案】例如,康乃尔大学酒店管理学院本科毕业的学生平均每个人有四至五份工作可以选择,这些工作工资从将近两万到两万多点不等,并且还有很多迅速提升的机会。查看答案

Passage three
Butjudging from recent studies of crying behavior, links between illness andcrying and the chemical composition of tears, both those responses to tears areoften inappropriate and may even be counterproductive.
【答案】但根据对哭泣的行为以及疾病和哭泣、泪水的化学成分之间关系的研究,那两种对泪水的反应经常是不适当的,甚止可能会妨碍达到预期目的。查看答案

Passage four
Theathlete may also become moody, easily imitated, have altered sleep patterns,become depressed, or lose the competitive desire and enthusiasm for the sport.
【答案】运动员还可能会变得情绪化,易于被模仿,睡姿也会改变,情绪低落或者失去竞争欲望和对运动的热情。查看答案

Passage five
Theremay be more matches in the database; job hunters will have to visit the siteagain to find them—and they do.
【答案】资料库里可能会有更多相配的工作,为了找到这些工作,求职者需要再次访问网站——他们会去访问的。查看答案

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