全国大学生英语竞赛B类(英语专业)历年真题及详解(2007~2014)【部分视频讲解】

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摘要 : 目录封面内容简介视频讲解教师简介目录全国大学生英语竞赛B类考试2007年初赛试题及详解全国大学生英语竞赛B类考试2007年决赛试题及详解全国大学生英语竞赛B类考试2008年初赛试题及详解全国大学生英语竞赛B类考试2008年决赛试题及详解全国大学生英语竞赛B类考试2009年初赛试题及详解全国大学生英语...
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内容简介
视频讲解教师简介
目录
全国大学生英语竞赛B类考试2007年初赛试题及详解
全国大学生英语竞赛B类考试2007年决赛试题及详解
全国大学生英语竞赛B类考试2008年初赛试题及详解
全国大学生英语竞赛B类考试2008年决赛试题及详解
全国大学生英语竞赛B类考试2009年初赛试题及详解
全国大学生英语竞赛B类考试2009年决赛试题及详解
全国大学生英语竞赛B类考试2010年初赛试题及详解
全国大学生英语竞赛B类考试2010年决赛试题及详解
全国大学生英语竞赛B类考试2011年初赛试题及详解
全国大学生英语竞赛B类考试2011年决赛试题及详解
全国大学生英语竞赛B类考试2012年初赛试题及详解[视频讲解]
全国大学生英语竞赛B类考试2012年决赛试题及详解[视频讲解]
全国大学生英语竞赛B类考试2013年初赛试题及详解[视频讲解]
全国大学生英语竞赛B类考试2013年决赛试题及详解[视频讲解]
全国大学生英语竞赛B类考试2014年初赛试题及详解[视频讲解]
全国大学生英语竞赛B类考试2014年决赛试题及详解[视频讲解]
内容简介 本书是专门为提高考生参加全国大学生英语竞赛B类(英语专业)考试水平而编著的一本复习资料。其内容包括2007~2014年真题,每套试题均给出参考答案及详解。其中部分真题提供视频讲解,具体参见本书目录。历年真题为考生提供了最好的复习依据,便于读者了解考题的命题特点和出题规律,答案详解则为考生分析了解题技巧,指明了解题思路。
【特别提醒】限于篇幅,本书未收录的最新真题及详解,可另外购买《全国大学生英语竞赛B类(英语专业)历年真题及模拟试题详解》。
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全国大学生英语竞赛B类考试2007年初赛试题及详解
Part ⅠListening Comprehension (25 minutes, 30 points)


 

Section A (10 points)
Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short recordings. At thebeginning of each recording, a question will be asked about what was said. Boththe question and the recording will be read only once. After each recording,there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the three choicesmarked A, B and C, and decide which is the best answer. Then mark thecorresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
1. A.Asking the customer’s opinion.
B. Offering acheap sample.
C. Explaining a price rise.
【答案】B查看答案
【解析】录音中提到他们谈话的地点是在the market,其中一人说你可拿一双回家,价格已经降了50便士。由此可知,B选项符合题意。
【录音原文】
You are walking round the market when youhear this woman talking to a customer. What is she doing?
—Look, I’ll tell you what. You just take a couple home tonight. I’llknock off 50 pence. How’s that? And try them, you’ll love them. I promise you.And then tomorrow you can come and tell me if I’m not right. What do you say tothat then? I cannot say fairer than now, can I?

2. A.She didn’t know they were wanted.
B. It wasn’tpart of her job to do it.
C. She didn’t know which notes to send.
【答案】A查看答案
【解析】医生在电话上说他没有收到便条,将亲自去看看便条,由此可知护士没有把便条送来。根据所给出的选项,用排除法可以排除B,C两项。
【录音原文】
You’re in the doctor’s waiting room whenyou overhear the nurse on the phone. Why didn’t she send off the notes?
—No, I haven’t received anything. Well, I do, normally, but even ifour receptionist had, she’d have told me straight away. Of course, I’ll go andlook the notes, though, now, and send them off straight away. Now what was thepatient’s name again?

3. A. Abowl.
B. A lamp.
C. A vase.
【答案】C查看答案
【解析】第二句话说它太高太薄了,你会把它撞倒的,可以把花放在里面。由此可知谈论是花瓶。
【录音原文】
You’re in a gallery when you hear a coupletalking. What are they looking at?
—It’s very lovely, isn’t it?
—Well, I suppose so, but it’s not really practical, is it? I meanit’s so tall and thin. You’ll be afraid of knocking it over. Or would youactually put flowers in it?
—Oh, really. You put it somewhere where the light could shinethrough. Just look at it. You wouldn’t want to use it, not at that price.

4. A.Repairing a printer.
B. Positioning apersonal computer.
C. Selecting a CD player.
【答案】B查看答案
【解析】第二句话说你需要光吗?你不想让光反射在荧屏上,可知他们谈论的是电脑。
【录音原文】
You are visiting a large company. And youhear two people talking. What’re they discussing?
—Look, we can put it here on the table.
—Yes, that’ll leave the desk clear for papers and things. But willthe light be OK? You don’t want it reflecting on the screen.
—No, that’s all right. I can turn it at an angle. Shall I go and getthe discs and things?
—No, don’t bother. I’ll bring them up later.

5. A. Ata swimming pool.
B. In a sportshall.
C. On a football field.
【答案】A查看答案
【解析】由录音中提到的the new changing rooms 和while you are getting dry,可以知道他们是在a swimming pool。
【录音原文】
You hear someone introducing a program onthe radio. Where is he?
—I’m here outside now and there’s quite a crowd beginning to buildup behind the fence. They’re hoping to get in to see what the new changingrooms are like. Supposed to be really luxurious compared to the old ones. Andalso the new dining area, which I understand is overlooked by the café, shouldmake that the good place to pass the time while you are getting dry. And nowhere’s the Mayor of Tonton arriving to actually perform the opening ceremony.

6. A.Both of them.
B. The boy.
C. The girl.
【答案】C查看答案
【解析】由第三句话可知女孩会去看电影。
【录音原文】
These friends are talking about a film. Whowill go to see it?
—I really think you ought to give it a chance. You are usually sonarrow-minded.
—I’m not. But Tom said his dad really enjoyed it. We’ve got nothing incommon as far as I know. So I know what it’ll be like.
—Well, I think you’re silly. You’ll be sorry when I tell you howfunny it was.

7. A.The boss is unfair to him.
B. He has been ill.
C. He has too much to do.
【答案】A查看答案
【解析】从第二位同事的谈话中可以知道老板对他不公平,But with Jim,he goes on and on“对待Jim,老板总是不停的说。”
【录音原文】
These people are talking about theircolleague, Jim. What’s Jim’s problem?
—I don’t know what Jim’s got to grumble about. My work load hasdoubled in the past year and I still manage. He is not doing anything differentfrom when he arrived, as far as I can see.
—Yeah, but he’s not as energetic as you are. Well, no one is. Butthe boss doesn’t blame me when I get a bit behind. He is very understandingwith me. But with Jim, he goes on and on.
—I haven’t noticed it. But you’re probably right. I wonder why hedoes it.

8. A.Cancel her booking.
B. Postpone herflight.
C. Change her destination.
【答案】B查看答案
【解析】这位女士想alter the flight,因为她在Holland的弟弟最近因工作的原因而有些事情要处理,所以她想推迟出行。
【录音原文】
Listen to this woman phoning a travel agent.What does she want to do?
—On the 4th of June, yes, Amsterdam, Holland. Now my problem is mybrother’s there and he was supposed to be fixing accommodation for me. But hehas a problem with his work right now. And he asked me to reserve it from here.Yeah, well, what it is, I don’t really want to spend my vocation going around the city alone. So I wanted to askyou whether it would cost a lot to alter the flight, say, to later in thesummer when maybe he will be freer and we might even get to visit a few moreplaces?

9. A. Arepair man.
B. A friend.
C. A retailer.
【答案】A查看答案
【解析】这位男士在第一句话中所说的them指厂家,因为guarantee中不包括这一项,所以他只好求助于修理工。
【录音原文】
Listen to this man telephoning someoneabout his washing machine. Who is he talking to?
—I’ve been in touch with them already and they said it’s not up tothem because the guarantee doesn’t cover it. So I was wondering whether hemight be able to come and have a look. I don’t suppose you could give me anyidea of what the charge might be.
—Yes, I see. The thing is I’ve got some friends coming around thisweekend and ...
—Oh, that’d be great.

10. A. Asupermarket.
B. A concerthall.
C. A racetrack.
【答案】C查看答案
【解析】由最后一句中的runners可知应该是在跑道上,所以C项符合题意。
【录音原文】
You switch on the radio and hear thisreport. Where is it coming from?
—There’s a tremendous crowd here today. Everyone is mailing aboutlooking very excited. There’s laughter and music and lots of chatter. I’ve beentalking to some of the people around me and there’s no doubt that there’s afair amount of money changing hands as well. And now we’ll go over to AmellBurns who has been watching the runners coming up to the start.

Section B (10 points)
Directions: In thissection, you will hear 10 short news items. After each item, there will be apause. During the pause, you must read the question and then the three choicesmarked A, B and C, and decide which is the best answer. Then mark thecorresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with asingle line through the centre.
11. Whatdoes this news item mainly talk about?
A. Adults’ health.
B. Young people’s health.
C. Children’s health.
【答案】C查看答案
【解析】新闻开头第一句话讲的是adults,紧接着用But转折,谈children的健康。所以C项符合题意。
【录音原文】
It’s no secretthat too many adults around the world are overweight. But when 20 millionchildren under the age of 5 are considered too fat, researchers worry about therisk of chronic illness as these kids grow older. Now research of at least3,600 children in North America shows that poor eating habits and lack ofexercise are producing risk factors for heart disease, including highcholesterol and diabetes. To make matters worse, tests on some of these kidsindicated narrowing and hardening of the arteries. That is a condition normallyassociated with adults.

12.Which country didn’t press Burma to speed up its reforms?
A. Vietnam.
B. The Philippines.
C. Thailand.
【答案】A查看答案
【解析】没有给缅甸施加压力的国家是Vietnam。新闻最后一句说such as Vietnam andLaos, both one-party states, are more reticent to push for change“越南,老挝都对变革更加谨慎。”reticent沉默的,谨慎的。
【录音原文】
For the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Burma is anincreasingly difficult issue, as international pressure mounts against itsgovernment. But Burma’s military, in power for over 40 years shows no signs ofallowing major political reform. And ASEAN states are divided over Burma, which joined the group in 1997. Malaysia, the Philippines, Indonesia and Thailand have pressed Burma to speed up reforms. Other such as Vietnam and Laos, both one-party states, are more reticent to push for change.

13.Which year is expected to be the hottest year on record?
A. 2006.
B. 2007.
C. 2008.
【答案】B查看答案
【解析】新闻第二句话明确提到They say 2007 has a60% probability of being the hottest year on record。
【录音原文】
Strongertyphoons, more flooding in low line regions, deepening drought—are all possible,if not likely, according to a report from British primatologist. They say 2007has a 60% probability of being the hottest year on record. Citing high levelsof Greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and E1 Nino. Now operating in the Pacificand expected to last until May, temperature studies for 2006 are not yetcomplete but the new study noting that the world’s 10 warmest years since 1850have occurred in the past decade says 2006 is set to be the 6th warmest yearglobally and 2007 is likely to set a new all-time high.

14. Whydid the Iraqi government arrest the person?
A. He was one of Saddam’s close followers.
B. He opposed the current Iraqi government.
C. He made a video of Saddam’s execution.
【答案】C查看答案
【解析】新闻第一句提到an individual has beendetained and is under investigation for having made the video of Saddam’sexecution“这个人被捕的原因是他制作了Saddam被处决的录像”。detain扣留,扣押。
【录音原文】
An adviser toIraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki said Wednesday that an individual has beendetained and is under investigation for having made the video of Saddam’sexecution. The identity of the person detained has not been released. The filmhad poor audio and grainy pictures, but clearly showed the former Iraqi strongman at the gallows and then in some Internet versions, falling through the trapdoor and hanging to death.

15. Whendid they find that 13 people were dead in the accident?
A. On Monday.
B. On Friday.
C. On Saturday.
【答案】B查看答案
【解析】新闻第二句提到Thirteen bodies wererecovered ... after the accident early Friday。由此可知尸体被发现是在星期五。
【录音原文】
The mayor ofChicafa, Albero Mecombo said Sunday that efforts to recover bodies at an openpit mine on the outskirts of the town will be suspended until Monday. Thirteenbodies were recovered during the initial rescue and recovery operationorganized in the hours after the accident early Friday. Local residents workeduntil night fall, trying to save those buried. 3 people working in the 15 meterdeep trench survived. No more survivors or bodies were found in rescue effortson Saturday. But Mecombo said it is difficult to know how many people wereworking at the mine at the time of the accident. More victims, she said, mightstill be buried in the pit.

16. Whydid Oprah Winfrey open a school for poor girls in South Africa?
A. To provide poor girls with a first-class education.
B. To raise revenue for South Africa.
C. To please President Nelson Mandela.
【答案】A查看答案
【解析】新闻开头提到一切的开始都源于7年前Oprah Winfrey对South African President NelsonMandela的一次承诺,建立一所学校,其目的在于增加南非的国民收入。
【录音原文】
It begins as apromise Oprah Winfrey made to former South African President Nelson Mandela 7years ago: A pledge to build a school that will give poor girls a first-classeducation. Many of Hollywood stars were on hand for this week’s openingceremony, including singer Mariah Carey, film maker Spike Lee and singer TinaTurner. But the true stars were the 152 poor girls chosen to be the first classstudents. Winfrey hopes this school will change the way women are perceived in South Africa and that the young girls educated here will go on to be their countries futureleaders.

17. Howmany former American presidents attended Gerald Ford’s funeral, service?
A. 5.
B. 3.
C. 4.
【答案】B查看答案
【解析】新闻中最后一句提到That included the threeliving former U.S. presidents, Jimmy Carter, George H.W. Bush, and BillClinton.所以是3位前总统。
【录音原文】
After lying instate and Capitol building for the past few days, Gerald Ford’s casket wastaken by motorcade to the streets of Washington to the National Cathedral for afuneral service attended by about 300,000 mourners. That included PresidentBush and the three living former U.S. presidents, Jimmy Carter, George H. W.Bush, and Bill Clinton.

18.Whose major responsibilities are for Iraqi issues?
A. John Negropente.
B. Mike MeConnell.
C. Donald Rumsfeld.
【答案】B查看答案
【解析】新闻中提到Mike McConnell, while theincumbent in that post ...,即Mike McConnell对其负有责任。incumbent职责所在的,负有...义务的。
【录音原文】
Thelong-anticipated ambassadorial changes complete a new administration policyteam that is to implement the Iraq strategy. President Bush will announce in abroadcast address Wednesday night. The shakeup began just after the November USelection, with the replacement of Donald Rumsfeld with Robert Gates as defensesecretary. It continued last week with the appointment of a new director ofnational intelligence, Mike McConnell, while the incumbent in that post, JohnNegroponte, was named to be Deputy Secretary of State with majorresponsibilities for Iraq.

19.Which two countries led the boom in 2006?
A. China and Japan.
B. India and Japan.
C. China and India.
【答案】C查看答案
【解析】新闻中提到India and China togetheraccount for over 50% of the region’s gross domestic product and may lead theboom“印度和中国的GDP加在一起占了整个亚洲地区GDP增长的50%,是增长最快的。”
【录音原文】
2006 was theboom year for Asian nations for the Asian development projecting 7.7 % per yeargrowth for the region’s developing countries. India and China together account for over 50% of the region’s gross domestic product and may lead theboom. China’s GDP grew more than 10% in 2006. And India expanded for more than8%. Japan, the world’s second largest economy, also give the region a lift forits last period of recovery since falling into a slump more than a decade ago.

20. Whatdid Rice discuss with the Russian leaders?
A. Human rights issues.
B. North Korean issues.
C. American and Russian military issues.
【答案】B查看答案
【解析】Rice会见PresidentVladimir Putin是为了讨论NorthKorea的问题。
【录音原文】
Condoleezza Ricemet behind closed doors with President Vladimir Putin and Russia’s Foreign andDefense ministers to discuss North Korea. However, no statements were madeduring or after the meetings, which come on the last stop of Rice’s tour thathas included stops in Japan, South Korea, and China. The goal of her trip hasmostly focused on ensuring the UN sanctions adopted against North Korea last week will be fully enforced. But confusion remains about whether NorthKorean leader Kim Jong Ⅱ apologized for the recent nuclear test and promisedthere would not be another one.

Section C (10 points)
Directions: In thissection, you will hear a teacher telling new students about their course. Forquestions 21-30, listen to what she says and complete the notes. You will needto write a word or a short
Classes in Studio every afternoon
Room 51 on(21)_____
On Fridays can use(22)_____for private study
Extra courses:
Monday:(23)_____
Tuesday:(24)_____
Wednesday:(25)_____
Forms to register forextra courses from:(26)_____
Saturday course oncomputer-aided design:
Open to(27)_____students only
Must provide own(28)_____
For short absences,phone(29)_____
For absences of morethan two days,write to(30)_____phrase. Remember to write the answers on the AnswerSheet.
【答案与解析】
21. Thursday(s)
(每个星期去一次,时间是星期四下午,地点是Room 51。)
22. the gallery
(新闻中提到the hall which is calledthe gallery for private study。)
23. Photography
(星期一是摄影术。)
24. Print Technology
(星期二是印刷技术。)
25. Model-making
(星期三是模型制作。)
26. academic secretary
(可以从学院的秘书那得到表格。)
27. third-year
(文中提到if you want to do the fullday course ... your third year。)
28. stationery / notebooks
(必须自带文具stationery文具。)
29. the administration assistant
(如果你要缺席,可以向administrationassistant请假。)
30. the Department Head
(如果缺席超过两天以上,必需写请假条向部门领导解释。)
【录音原文】
Well, I’m veryglad to welcome you all to the practical model of our design course at thebeginning of the New Year. As you’ve no doubt realized, we have people herefrom years one to three and we find that as most of the work is in small groupsor individually based. This works out pretty well, even though we are a bitshort of space.
Now I’ m goingto go through some administrative staff and then we’ll get on to projectplanning. So first of all, we are in the studio here every afternoon exceptone. So we do have a sort of base, which is quite nice, but once a week we haveto move out. That’s into Room 51 which is on Thursdays. It’s a bit of anuisance because it’s not as big as in here. But we’ll manage somehow and onFridays you can use the big space over the back of the hall which is called thegallery for private study if you want to spread out a bit. That’s only on Fridays,though, I’ m afraid.
Now as far asextra courses go, you should have already selected these and the days for themare as follows: Monday is the only day when the dock room is free, so that’sphotography. Tuesdays John Howard comes in here to take sessions on printtechnology. And Wednesdays I’m here for model making. Now if you haven’tselected your options for this term, you need to get a move on. When we finishnow, I’ll be showing you around the rest of the department and you can get aform from the academic secretary on the way. Oh, you also need to get one ifyou want to do the full day course which is on Saturdays on computer-aideddesign, but that only applies to your third year students of course. And do youknow where the office is?
Now that’snearly all except a reminder to you all that we provide all the equipment youneed for practical work, including card and photographic papers. But you mustbring your own stationery. You should have proper notebooks and we don’t expectto have to find bits of paper for you to make notes on when you forget them.
And lastly aboutabsence. If you’re not well, if it’s just a couple of days, you can phone theadministration assistant and ask him to pass the message on to this department.If it’s more than a couple of days, you must send a written explanation to thedepartment head; otherwise you could be penalized in your course grade forabsence without permission. Ok, well, you’ve been warned.
Now, for you newguys, let’s go and look around the rest of the place. The rest of you, nodoubt, have things to be getting on with.
Part Ⅱ Multiple Choice (10 minutes, 15 points)
Section A (10 points)
Directions: There are10 incomplete sentences in this section. For each blank there are four choicesmarked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Thenmark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheetwith a single line through the centre.
31. Theboxer recovered, although he had been _____ for ten minutes after the fight.
A. unconscious
B. unaware
C. dazzled
D. diminished
【答案】A查看答案
【解析】句意:尽管拳击手在打斗后失去意识有十分钟,但他还是清醒了过来。unconscious失去知觉的,昏倒的。unaware未认识到的,未觉察到的。dazzled眩晕的。diminished减少了的。只有A选项符合题意。

32. If you took more than your share ofthe money, you should at once _____ by returning the extra amount.
A. come about
B. make amends
C. feel ashamed
D. get punished
【答案】B查看答案
【解析】句意:如果你拿到的钱超过了你应得的,你就应该把多余的钱还回去作为补偿。make amends补偿,赔偿。come about发生,产生。feel ashamed感到羞愧。get punished受到惩罚。

33. The news that the examination wouldbe held two weeks earlier caused quite a _____ among the students.
A. fluctuation
B. torrent
C. flutter
D. degradation
【答案】C查看答案
【解析】句意:考试将提前两周举行的消息在学生们中间引起了恐慌。flutter恐慌,不安。fluctuation波动,起伏。torrent激流,山洪。degradation降落,堕落。所以C选顶正确。

34. If you’re going to run for mayor,just make sure there are no _____ in the cupboard! You know what the press islike.
A. skulls
B. skeletons
C. ghosts
D. legends
【答案】B查看答案
【解析】句意:如果你要去竞选市长,确信你没有任何丑闻。你知道媒体会怎样做。skeletons骨骼,(不可外扬的)丑事。skeleton in the cupboard不可外扬的家丑。skulls头骨。ghosts鬼魂。legends传说。run for竞选,所以B项为正确答案。

35. Just as the builder is skilled inthe handling of his bricks, _____ the experienced writer is skilled in thehandling of his words.
A. as
B. thus
C. like
D. so
【答案】D查看答案
【解析】句意:正如建筑工人的技巧在于堆砖砌瓦,一个经验丰富的作家的技巧在于处理文字。句型just as ... so ...表示“就像……,……也……”连接两个并列的成分。

36. Theproject _____ by the end of 2007 will expand the city’s mobile phone network tocover 10,000,000 users.
A. accomplished
B. being accomplished
C. having been accomplished
D. to be accomplished
【答案】D查看答案
【解析】to be accomplished动词不定式在句中作定语修饰the project,用被动态表示“将要被完成的”。

37. Imust go now. _____, if you want that book, I’ll bring it next time.
A. Specifically
B. Simultaneously
C. Incidentally
D. Undoubtedly
【答案】C查看答案
【解析】句意:我现在必须得走了。顺便提一句,如果你要那本书,我下一次来就给你带来”。incidentally顺便地(提一句)。specifically特别地。simultaneously同时地。undoubtedly怀疑地。

38. Forthere _____ successful communication, all present must be attentive and getinvolved in the discussion.
A. is
B. to be
C. will be
D. being
【答案】B查看答案
【解析】句意:为了能够成功的交流,每个在场的人都必须集中注意力并且参加讨论。for表目的,动词不定式作独立主格。

39. Itis recommended that the project _____ until all the preparations have beenmade.
A. not be started
B. will not be started
C. is not started
D. is not to be started
【答案】A查看答案
【解析】句意:建议在所有的准备工作完成之前,这项工程不要开始。It isrecommended后面的主语从句用虚拟语气,用“should+动词原形”的形式,should可省略,因此本题选择A项。

40. I’msorry to tell you I failed the physics course, Mom.
—_____. The world won’t end if you don’t pass an exam.
—Thank you for your encouragement.
A. Let’s face it.
B. I’m so sad to hear that.
C. Let’s go to see the doctor.
D. Don’t go away.
【答案】A查看答案
【解析】由母亲后面的回答可知A选项符合题意。Let’s face it面对现实吧。

Section B (5 points)
Directions: There are5 incomplete statements or questions about some English speaking countries inthis section. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D.Choose the most suitable answer from the given choices. Then mark thecorresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with asingle line through the centre.
41.Geographically speaking, which of the following terms covers the largest area?
A. Great Britain.
B. England.
C. The United Kingdom.
D. The British Isles.
【答案】D查看答案
【解析】“不列颠群岛”(British Isles),由大不列颠岛(Great Britain)和爱尔兰岛(Ireland)这两大岛屿,以及其他几百个小岛组成。大不列颠岛上分布着英格兰、苏格兰和威尔士三个区域,而爱尔兰岛则分成北爱尔兰和爱尔兰共和国(Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland)两块。the United Kingdom由大不列颠和北爱尔兰共同组成。因而在地理面积上是最大的是TheBritish Isles。

42. In the twentieth century Britain experienced many wars, of which _____brought the country the largest number ofcasualties.
A. the Invasion against Egypt
B. the First World War
C. the Second World War
D. the Falkland Islands War
【答案】B查看答案
【解析】一战中英国的伤亡人数为908,000。the Invasion against Egypt属于发生在1956年10月至1957年3月的英法以侵埃战争,英、法、以军伤亡一千三百多人。二战中英国伤亡人数为264,000。the Falkland Islands War为福克兰战役,是1982年阿根廷和英国之间就福克兰群岛,南乔治亚以及南桑德威治群岛所属问题争端而引发的战争。此战争只持续了42天,并未造成重大伤亡。

43. Theancestors of the English are_____.
A. Anglo-Saxons
B. Celts
C. Britons
D. Romans
【答案】A查看答案
【解析】Anglo-Saxons盎格鲁·撒克逊人,是英格兰人的祖先。Celts凯尔特人,是苏格兰人和爱尔兰人的祖先。Britons布立吞人,是凯尔特人的一支。Romans古罗马人,古罗马人在凯撒的率领下于公元前55年渡过英吉利海峡侵入不列颠,古罗马人占领英格兰超过了350年。

44. The famous words “United we stand,divided we fall” were spoken by _____ and the famous speech “I have a dream”was delivered by Martin Luther King.
A. John F. Kennedy
B. George Washington
C. Thomas Jefferson
D. Abraham Lincoln
【答案】D查看答案
【解析】这句话是美国总统林肯在内战中说的,意为“团结我们将会胜利,分裂将会导致失败。”

45. _____is Canada’s largest city.
A. Montreal
B. Vancouver
C. Toronto
D. Ottawa
【答案】C查看答案
【解析】Toronto多伦多,是加拿大最大的城市。Montreal蒙特利尔,是今加拿大第二大城市,也是魁北克省最大城市。Vancouver温哥华市,是加拿大第三大城市、加拿大西部最大的城市,同时也是北美第三大海港和国际贸易的重要中转站。Ottawa渥太华,是加拿大的首都。
Part Ⅲ IQ Test (5 minutes, 5 points)
Directions: There are5 IQ Test questions in this part. For each question there are 4 choices markedA, B, C and D. Mark your answer on the Answer Sheetwith a single line through the centre.
46. Henry is a beggar. He has the habit ofpicking up cigarette ends left by other people. He can always make one newcigarette out of seven ends. One Saturday night he collected 49 cigarette ends.The next day he made them into cigarettes and smoked them all. How many whole cigarettesdid he smoke that day?
A. Ten.
B. Seven.
C. Nine.
D. Eight.
【答案】D查看答案
【解析】亨利用49个香烟头做了7支香烟,抽完后又用这7个烟头做了1支香烟,所以共计8支烟。

47. The five rings on the flag are Blue, Black, Red, Yellowand Green.

In how many different ways could the rings havebeen arranged in colour order?
A. 120.
B. 100.
C. 80.
D. 60.
【答案】A查看答案
【解析】有五种颜色,依据排列组合可以得出数学算式:5×4×3×2×1=120。

48. Which number is missing from the third circle?

【答案】B查看答案
【解析】通过观察这三幅图,可以得出如下三个数学等式:①87+57+36=180;②49+23+18=90;③36÷18=2。观察①,②等式可以得出,第1个图中数字之和是第2个图中数字之和的2倍。而第3个图中的27是第1个图中的36的3/4;第3个图中的和为l80×3/4=135。135-15-27=93。

49. In New York,Manhattan Streets and Avenues are arranged in grid fashion. In the new town of “Grid”,they copied the New York system. Eleven friends who all lived in street-cornerdwellings, arranged to meet for lunch. On which street-corner should they meet,to give the least amount of total walking distance?

A. Avenue 4, Street 2.
B. Avenue 4, Street 3.
C. Avenue 4, Street 4.
D. Avenue 4, Street 5.
【答案】B查看答案
【解析】在每一条Street上的将街号累加1×2+2×3+3×l+4×3+5×1+6×1=34,平均数约等于3。在每一条Avenue上的将街道号累加2×3+3×2+4×1+5×3+6×1+7×1=44,平均数等于4。所以选B。

50. Yesterday mydoctor gave me some tablets. There were five in the box. He told me to take oneevery half hour. How long did they last?
A. They lasted one and a half hours.
B. They lasted 3 hours.
C. They lasted 2 hours.
D. They lasted 4 hours.
【答案】C查看答案
【解析】医生给了我一盒药,一盒里面共装5粒,每半小时服1粒,如果连续服用,共能服用2个小时。选项C正确。
Part Ⅳ Reading Comprehension (25 minutes, 40 points)
Section A (6 points)
Directions: There isone passage in this section with 6 questions. For each question, there are fourchoices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice. Then markthe corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet witha single line through the centre.
Questions 51-56 arebased on the following passage.
Stress in the Workplace

What is stress?
Stress is the adverse reaction people have to excessive pressure. Itisn’t a disease. But if stress is intense and goes on for some time, it can leadto mental and physical ill health (e.g. depression, nervous breakdown, heartdisease).
Being under pressure can often improve performance, but when demandsand pressures become excessive, they lead to stress. And it’s clear from therecognised symptoms of stress that it’s actually bad for you.
As an employer, is it my concern?
Yes. It’s your duty in law to make sure that your employees aren’tmade ill by their work. And stress can make your employees ill. Also, action toreduce stress can be very cost-effective. The costs of stress to yourorganisation may show up as high staff turnover, an increase in sicknessabsence, reduced work performance, poor timekeeping and more customercomplaints. Stress in one person can also lead to stress in staff who have tocover for their colleague. Also, employers who don’t take stress seriously mayleave themselves open to compensation claims from employees who have sufferedill health from work-related stress.
Under health and safety law, what must I do aboutstress?
Where stress caused or made worse by work could lead to ill health,you must assess the risk. A risk assessment for stress involves:
·looking for pressures at workthat could cause high and long-lasting levels of stress
·deciding who might be harmed bythese pressures
·deciding whether you are doingenough to prevent that harm
If necessary, you must then take reasonable steps to deal with thosepressures.
Isn’t stress also caused by problems outsidework?
Are you saying I have to do something about that?
You are not under a legal duty to prevent ill health caused bystress due to problems outside work (e. g. financial or domestic worries). Butnon-work problems can make it difficult for people to cope with the pressuresof work, and their performance at work might suffer. So being understanding tostaff in this position would be in your interests.
Are some people more likely to suffer from stress than others?
We’re all vulnerable to stress, depending on the pressure we’reunder at any given time: even people who are usually very hardy. You’reresponsible for making sure that work doesn’t make your employees ill. If younotice that someone is particularly vulnerable because of their circumstances,look at how their work is organized. See if there are ways to relieve thepressures so that they do not become excessive. However, unless you knowotherwise, you can assume that all your employees are mentally capable ofwithstanding reasonable pressure from work.
How do I recognize stress in a particular person?
Many of the outward signs of stress in individuals should benoticeable to managers and colleagues. Look, in particular, for changes in aperson’s mood or behavior, such as deteriorating relationships with colleagues,irritability, indecisiveness, absenteeism or reduced performance.
Those suffering from stress may also smoke or drink alcohol morethan usual or even turn to drugs.
They might also complain about their health: for example, they mayget frequent headaches.
51. Itis stated in the first paragraph that_____.
A. both stress and pressure produce had reactions
B. there is a link between stress and other illnesses
C. stress can help you to do better
D. depression is caused by pressure
52. Whyis it important for employers to take stress seriously?
A. The law requires them to make their workplaces stress-free.
B. Reducing stress can be very expensive.
C. Ignoring stress in employees may be expensive for theorganization.
D. Stressed workers complain, a lot.
53.According to the health and safety law, employers must_____.
A. make sure that all pressures are removed
B. implement immediate procedures to reduce stress
C. analyze the causes of illness in the workplace
D. carry out a study to identify work-related stress
54. Welearn from the fourth paragraph that_____.
A. employers are not obliged to deal with non-work related healthproblems
B. employers must be aware of their employees’ home situations
C. stress at work may influence an employee’s home life

D. employees need to be aware of the causes of stress
55. Itcan be learned from the fifth paragraph that employers_____.
A. must ensure that employees don’t fall ill because of their job
B. should organize their work carefully
C. can help employees by organizing their work
D. mustn’t think that every employee can put up with stress
56. Anemployer may know when employees are under stress because_____.
A. they will give a wanting signal
B. the outward signs are always visible
C. consumption of cigarettes may increase
D. they are always unhappy
【答案与解析】
51. B 文章第一段第三句提到But if stress isintense ... lead to mental and physical ill health (e.g. depression,nervous breakdown,heart disease),意为:如果压力太大而且持续很长的时间,就会导致生理和心理疾病(例如抑郁、神经衰弱和心脏病)。因此B选项正确。
52. C 文章第二段最后一句提到:如果雇主们没能认真对待压力,他们可能会支付赔偿金给那些由于工作压力太大而得病的雇员们,因此C选项符合题意。
53. D 对第三段提到的三点looking for pressures ...;deciding who might be harmed ...;deciding whether you are doing ...;归纳概括来说就是“对工作所产生的压力进行研究”。
54. A. 文章第四段第二句提到You are not under alegal duty to prevent ill health caused by stress due to problems outside work(e.g. financial or domestic worries),“作为雇主,你没有必要处理员工由于工作以外的压力而产生的疾病(例如经济问题或家庭问题)”,由此可知A选项正确。
55. A 文章第五段第二句提到As all employer, you’re responsible for making sure that work doesn’tmake your employees ill,意为:作为雇主,你要确保工作不会使你的雇员们生病,因此A项正确。
56. C 文章最后一部分倒数第二句话提到Those suffering from stress may also smoke ... more than usual oreven turn to drugs.意为:那些正承受压力的雇员们会比平常抽更多的烟,喝更多的酒,甚至会依赖药物,因此C项“香烟的消耗将增加”为正确答案。

Section B (7 points)
Directions: In this section, there is one passage followed by 7 statements.Go over the passage quickly and mark the answers on the Answer Sheet. For questions 57-63, mark
Y (for Yes) if thestatement agrees with the information given in the passage;
N (for No) if thestatement contradicts the information given in the passage;
NG (for Not Given)if the information is not given in the passage.
Questions 57-63 are based on the following passage.
Which Airport?
The choice ofwhere to fly from has never been greater, particularly for those flying on apackage holiday. For each port, we looked at the facilities (e. g. restaurants,waiting areas, etc.) offered before going through passport control (land-side)and after going through passport control (air-side).
Heathrow 4
The cheek-inhall is spacious and modern. There are few land-side shops but the essentialsare available. A café with pine seating and a medium range of hot dishes andsalads is situated upstairs. There are more facilities air-side. The shops areclustered into the central part of the 500-metre long hall, and expensiveranges are well represented. There’s plenty of natural light from the windowsthat overlook the runway and lots of seating away from the shopping area.
Manchester 2
The check-inhall has a high glass roof which lets in natural light. The café is at one endand slightly separated from the rest of the facilities, which makes it muchmore pleasant. There’s also an up-market coffee shop. Hundreds of seats—littleused when we visited despite the passengers crowded below—are availableupstairs. The departure lounge is bright and has plenty of space, and thecafeteria is pleasant.
Stansted
Passengers canwalk in a straight line form the entrance, through the check-in to the monorailthat takes them to their plane. Land-side, there’s cluster of fast food outletsthat sell baked potatoes, American burgers and filled rolls. All seating is inthe same area away from the check-in and shops. There’re a surprisingly smallnumber of shops considering Stansted’s claims to be a major London Airport, although basic stores like a chemist and bookshop are here. The large departurelounge has blue seats and grey carpet. There’s a large tax-free and luxurygoods shopping area and a café.
Heathrow 2
Avoid traveling from here if you can. The check-in area isunpleasant with a claustrophobic low roof and scores of pillars. The upstairs cafeis noisy because it is next to the music shop. The departure lounge is also toosmall with illuminated advertisements hanging from its low ceiling.
Manchester 1
The large, low check-in hall is the least impressive part ofthe terminal. Beyond that is a pleasant shopping mall with a wide range ofshops and snack bars. The self-service eating area has a good range of foodsfrom steak and chips to salads. There is also a more formal restaurant mostlyused for business lunches. The departure lounge is large and bright.
Edinburgh
The eatingoptions range from a coffee shop to a self-service restaurant and a reasonablevariety of shops are scattered around the land-side area rather than beingcollected in one area. The air-side food arrangements are mainly limited torolls and buns.
East Midlands
The check-inarea is in a long, low building where the roof is supported by a forest ofpillars which interrupt the line of vision. There is a cafe and bar upstairs along with a pizza restaurant duringthe summer. The main eating area is downstairs and mainly serves sandwiches andcakes along with a hot dish of the day. The departure lounge is pleasant withnatural light and plenty of dark blue seats. The Sherwood Lounge has easychairs and sofas and is aimed at commercial travelers.
Cardiff
The facilitiesare simple and the decoration is showing its age. Shopping is extremely limitedwith only bare essentials available. There are no books or magazines for sale.The restaurant is unappealing. The tiny departure lounge is dark anduninviting.
Statements:
57. Both Heathrow 4 and Stansted airports haveshops which sell highly-priced goods.
58. Manchester 2 airport seems to have put its seating in the wrong place.
59. Both Heathrow 2 and Cardiff airports havea departure lounge which is very impressive.
60. Stores at Edinburgh airport sell not onlyrolls and buns, but other foodsas well.
61. Heathrow 4 airport is the largest airportin the UK.
62. East Midlands airport changes its range offood according to the season.
63. Cardiff airport does not sell anything toread and needs modernizing.
【答案与解析】
57. Y Heathrow4 这一段提到expensiveranges are well represented,“(商店里)出售的是昂贵的商品”,Stansted这一段提到a large tax-free and luxury goods shopping area,“有一家大型的奢侈品免税商店”,因此本陈述是正确的。
58. YManchester 2 这一段提到Hundreds of seats—little used when we visited despite the passengerscrowded below—are available upstairs.“楼上有好几百个座位,当时我们去的时候发现很少有人会坐,尽管楼下很拥挤”,因此该说法正确。
59. N Heathrow2 这一段提到Thedeparture lounge is also too small with illuminated advertisements hanging fromits low ceiling.“候机厅小而且广告照明灯挂在低矮的天花板上”;Cardiff这一段提到The tiny departure loungeis dark and uninviting.“候机厅又小又黑让人不愿意进。”这与本题陈述正好相反。
60. NEdinburgh 这一段提到food arrangements are mainly limited to rolls and buns,“食物仅限于面包圈和小圆面包”,这与本题陈述不符。
61. NG 这八个机场中哪一个是英国最大的机场是文章没有提到的。
62. Y EastMidlands 这一段提到There is a cafe and bar upstairs along with a pizza restaurantduring the summer,“楼上有一家咖啡厅和酒吧,还有一个夏季开放的比萨饼店”,言外之意就是食物随季节变化。
63. YCardiff 这一段提到Thereare no books or magazines for sale. The restaurant is unappealing. The tinydeparture lounge is dark and uninviting.“(该机场)不卖书和杂志。餐厅不吸引人。候机厅又小又黑让人不愿意进。”言外之意是该机场需要装修,使之更加现代化。因此本题说法正确。

Section C (7 points)
Directions: You are going to read an article. Seven sentences have beenremoved from it. Choose from the sentences A-H the one which fits each group.There is one extra sentence which you do not need to use. Remember to write theanswers on the Answer Sheet.
Memories of a Man I Won’t Forget!
I wish you’dmeet my Uncle Bill. He was a tall man—so tall that he could change the bulbs inlight sockets while hardly reaching above his head. He said that he wasn’tsupposed to reach up—it was something to do with a heart condition—and thatbeing tall made life much easier(64)_____Those accessible bulbs were an easytarget for that lofty, blundering head of his.
I realized fromthe start that his problem was not so much tallness as clumsiness. He blunderedinto anything and everything and often had injuries (though not in fact burns)to prove how accident-prone he was.
A miserly man,my uncle always stuck replacement soles on his shoes as the old ones worethrough, no matter how shabby the uppers became—or how badly he injured himselfin the process.(65)_____Well, strictly it wasn’t the sticking that did it butthe razor blade adjustments that followed. In his clumsiness, he nearly alwaysstuck the soles slightly out of position. Once firmly glued they couldn’t bemoved but at least the protruding parts could be neatly trimmed away (66)_____.
I can see himnow in my mind’s eye! There was the sole, slightly out of position, and therewas my uncle, his fingers encrusted with firmly set glue(67)_____Then he’dblunder round his house in search of lint and sticking plasters. Vases wouldtopple, ornaments would get knocked off walls. He lived alone but his frequentvisitors were used to the commotion my uncle made as he hurried round hisuntidy house(68)_____Even going to answer the phone could cause calamities anda nail of damage(69)_____No, they were due to injured fingers, banged heads andfails down stairs. As a matter of fact he survived so many serious injuriesthat in the end I came to doubt that there was anything wrong with his heart atall.(70)_____.
Sentences:
A. I think hepreferred to claim a bad heart than admit to bad eyesight or total and utterclumsiness!
B. He would set towork with his razor blade. Anda minute later we’d hear his cry of pain and frustration.
C. My uncle’s visits to hospital neverresulted from that famous heart condition of his.
D. But how could even a clumsy man sufferinjuries sticking soles on his shoes?
E. And that’s wherethe razor blades come in, andall the consequent injuries to fingers and thumbs.
F. However, it also created problems forhim.
G. The slightest haste was enough to causean accident.
H. You should have seen him when he reallygot going!
【答案与解析】
64. F 空格后面提到Those accessible bulbswere all easy target for that lofty, blundering head of his,“由于个子太高,灯泡经常会碰到他的头”,由此可知个子太高也有麻烦。因此F句符合题意。
65. D 空格前面提到叔叔在修理鞋底的过程中严重受伤,后面又解释说“严格来说伤到他的并不是黏胶,而是随之发生的剃刀片调整”,中间缺少过渡成分,D项正符合语境。
66. E 空格前面提到一旦胶水起作用了,鞋跟将不能被移动,那么多余的部分也无法被齐整地修剪掉。E选项“这就是他需要利用剃刀并最终伤害到自己的原因”与该处逻辑相承,意义相接,为最佳选项。
67. B 空格后面提到Then he’d blunder roundhis house in search of lint and sticking plasters.“然后他跌跌跌撞撞地在房间里寻找他的绷带和胶布。”由此可以推知前一句他一定是伤到自己了。所以B选项符合题意。
68. G 空格后面的话说Even going to answer thephone could cause calamities and a nail of damage.“即使去接个电话也会引起灾祸和伤害”,可推知前面的句子应该是“稍微仓促一点也会引发事故”,所以G选项最符合题意。
69. C 空格后面提到they were due to injuredfingers, banged heads and fails down stairs.“他所受伤多半是由于手指受到伤害、碰伤头或从楼梯上跌落下来”,所以C选项符合题意。
70. A A选项“我认为他更愿意说自己有心脏病而不愿去承认他的视力不好或是根本是由于笨拙才造成了这些灾祸”既可以承接空格前提到“我怀疑叔叔的心脏是否真的有问题”,又与本段话题相同,所以A项为最佳答案。

Section D (10 points)
Directions: In thissection, there is one passage followed by 5 questions. Read the passagecarefully, then answer the questions in a maximum of 10 words. Remember towrite the answers on the Answer Sheet.
High Dropout Rate in US
Many youngpeople in the United States never finish high school. Exactly how many dropoutsis another issue. Recent studies of dropout rates have had conflicting results.For one thing, schools define and measure their dropout rates differently.
Some researcherssay about fifteen to twenty parents of public school students do not completetheir education. But many other experts and policymakers believe that for thepast twenty years, the dropout rate has been around thirty percent. For Latinoand black students, the numbers are even higher. Researchers say almost half ofthem leave school.
At the sametime, almost half the states let students leave school before the age ofeighteen without informing their parents.
Finding a goodjob without a high school education is more and more difficult. A NortheasternUniversity study in 2002 found that almost half of all dropouts aged sixteen totwenty-four did not have a job.
The lack of highschool education can also lead to other problems. An estimated two-thirds ofprisoners in the United States dropped out of high school.
Recent studieshave shown that the majority of students who drop out do not do it because theyare failing. Many are bored with their classes or feel disconnected from theirschool and teachers. Some students feel that educators place low expectationson them. Teen pregnancies also add to the dropout problem.
During the pasttwenty years, there have been efforts to increase graduation rate througheducation reforms. Some communities are working on dropout prevention programs.These include alternative high schools to meet special needs.
Some programs,for example, provide free transportation and childcare to help young mothersand fathers finish school. Yet special programs can cost a lot, and many schoolsystems have limited budgets.
Federal spendingon second-chance programs to help students finish school has decreased from the1970s. This was shown in a report last year from the Educational TestingService.
Experts suggest “earlywarning systems” to help identify young schoolchildren at risk of dropping outof high school. They say schools also need to get parents more involved,especially if their children are missing school often.
Questions:
71. What is the researchers’ estimatedpercentage of school dropouts among Latino and black students?
72. What efforts have been made to increasegraduation rates?
73. What has been done to help young parentscomplete their education?
74. Who made a report about the decrease,of Federal spending onsecond—chalice programs to help students finish school?
75. What do experts suggest setting up to helpprevent students from dropping out of school?
【答案与解析】
71. Almost fifty percent.
(第二段最后一句话提到Researchers say almost half of them leave school,即辍学率大约为一半,因此答案为Almost fiftypercent。)
72. Educationreforms and dropout prevention programs.
(第七段提到there have been efforts to increase graduation rate througheducation reforms. Some communities are working on dropout prevention programs,即是要通过教学改革和防止学生辍学的项目来提高毕业率。)
73. Providing freetransportation and childcare.
(第八段提到... provide free transportation and childcare to help young mothersand fathers finish school,“学校提供免费的交通和照顾孩子的服务,这样可以帮助年轻的父母亲完成学业。”)
74. The EducationalTesting Service.
(文章倒数第二段第二句话提到This was shown in a report last year from the Educational TestingService这份去年的报告由教育测试服务机构提供。)
75. Early warningsystem.
(文章最后一段第一句话提到Experts suggest “early warning systems” to help identify youngschoolchildren at risk of dropping out of high school,“专家们建议建立早期预警系统来帮助及早发现那些有辍学危险的高中生。)

Section E (10 points)
Directions: In thissection, there is one passage followed by a summary. Read the passage carefullyand complete the summary by choosing no more than three words from the passage.Remember to write the answers on the Answer Sheet.
Questions 76-80 are based on the following passage.
Developing Environmental Management Strategies
Strong andsustainable economic activity depends on healthy environmental management. Itis being increasingly recognized by the public, government and industry thatthere is no need to shift smoothly from a “react and cure” approach to an“anticipate and prevent” approach. The mechanism governing this change startedto appear three to four years ago and the momentum for change has beengathering steadily ever since.
Whilst the needto embrace these changes is almost universally accepted, the mechanisms forchange and the priorities for action have been far from clear. The public andthe media point to anecdotal evidence of lack of progress, or setbacks, over abewildering range of topics. These incidents are catalogued by local andnational pressure groups to enhance their own campaigns for change. TheGovernment, under pressure from the European Community, has introducedlegislation which, although progressive, often appears to industry to befragmented and difficult to digest.
There is,therefore, a clear and often expressed need on the part of British and Europeanmanagement for techniques to identify and prioritize the key environmentalissues for allocation of resources and action. The technique emerging as themost effective is a strategy which involves the formulation of a policystatement setting out the organization’s philosophy on the environment and theaims to be achieved. A detailed assessment of the environmental status andperformance of the operation is then undertaken, key issues identified andtargets set. The performance of the operation or unit is regularly audited tomeasure progress towards the targets set. This environmental strategy is oftencalled an Environmental Management System or simply referred to as anEnvironmental Audit.
Summary:
There has been asteady movement towards more efficient, proactive environmental management. Whilst the (76) _____ is generally accepted,the means have yet to be agreed upon. Attempts at introducing (77) _____ have, SO far, been unsatisfactory. Techniques are currently being defined for allocating (78) _____ oraction on key environmental issues. The most useful approach is to draw up a (79) _____ which clarifiesthe environmental attitudes and aims of the organization. Performance and progress towards thesetargets can then be measured. Adetailed evaluation or (80) _____ is regularly carried out.
【答案与解析】
76. need (for changes)
(从第二段第一句“Whilst the need to embrace these changes is almost universallyaccepted”可知此处应填need。)
77. legislation
(由第二段中“The Government, under pressure from the European Community, has introducedlegislation ...”可知此处应填legislation。)
78. resources
(由第三段第一句话... to identify and prioritize the key environmental issuesfor allocation of resourcesand action.可知此处应填resources。)
79. policy statement
(摘要中的useful approach与文中的the most effective意思相同,因而可知该处应该填policy statement。)
80. Environmental Audit
(文章最后一段提到A detailed assessment被实施,并且实施的过程被定期审计,这种环境策略常被称为Environmental Audit,因此答案是Environmental Audit。)
Part ⅤCloze (10 minutes, 10 points)
Directions: There are 10 blanks in the passage. Use the word given in eachbracket to form a word that fits in each blank. Remember to write the answerson the Answer Sheet.
The Continuing Popularity of the Fountain Pen

The fountain penis still a very attractive and practical object, even in these days of cheap,(81)_____(dispose) ball-point and felt-tip pens. Few owners are (82)_____(differ) to it. Emotions range from a casual attraction to absolute passion.However, though the reasons for such profound (83)_____ (attach) to the pen aremany, the way people feel is (84)_____ (universe).
What exactly isit then about this small cylindrical object that provokes such (85)_____ (intense) of feeling?The most likely answer to this question is that (86)_____ (base) the fountainpen is far more than a mere writing instrument. It is often seen as an (87)_____(assert) of the owner’s social standing. For some, the ornamentation is whereits undoubted (88)_____ (attract) lies. It can be adorned with gold, withdiamonds or inlaid with floral or geometric designs.
A fountain penshould only be loaned out in (89)_____ (except) circumstances, since in no timeat all it will be altered by the second user’s hand. This is one of the (90)_____(distinct) characteristics of the instrument, which makes each one unique andpersonal to its owner.
【答案与解析】
81. disposable
(本空缺少一个修饰ball-point and felt-tip pens的形容词,应该填dispose的形容词形式disposable。disposable用完即可丢弃的。)
82. indifferent
(第一句话提到自来水笔仍然是一个很有吸引力并很实用的东西,由此可推知此处意为很少会有人对其毫不在乎。)
83. attachment
(profound后面缺少一个被修饰的名词,应该填attach的名词形式attachment。)
84. universal
(该空应该填一个形容词作is的表语,universe的形容词形式是universal。)
85. intensity
(本空作provoke的宾语,所以要用intense的名词形式intensity。)
86. basically
(本句成分完整,所以只能用其副词形式。)
87. assertion
(由空前的an可知本空缺少一个名词,应填assert的名词形式assertion。)
88. attraction
(本句缺少动词lie的施动者,应用attract的名词形式attraction作从句的主语。)
89. exceptional
(空格处修饰名词circumstances,所以应用except的形容词形式exceptional。)
90. distinctive
(空格处修饰名词characteristics,所以应用distinct的形容词形式distinctive。)
Part Ⅵ Translation (15 minutes, 20 points)
Section A (10 points)
Directions: Translate the underlined sentences of the following passage intoChinese. Remember to write the answers on the AnswerSheet.
Divided We Stand
Marriage is biglately; actually it’s unmarriage that seems to be capturing our attention. Fromthe award-winning American Beauty to the Bruce Willis-Mishelle Pfeiffermovie, The Story of Us, the institution of marriage is being turnedinside out, and it’s not a pretty sight. To judge by these films, modem marriageinvolves a lot of broken crockery and busted expectations. (91) While manycurrent Hollywood depictions of marriage may be overly pessimistic, statisticsin America are alarming: each year half as many Americans get divorced asmarry.
Marriagecounselors say couples often choose to separate as a last-ditch effort tochange their relationship, and possibly themselves. But a separation can givecouples time to calm down, renegotiate the rules of the relationship and gainsome needed distance.
For a separationto work, it needs to be well defined. “Structured Separations” tend to be themost productive. Couples facing separation do best if they establish some basicground rules first. (92) They should mutually agree on the length of theseparation—three to six months is average—and both must continue to work on theirown problems during that time, either with or without a counselor.
Couples shouldagree not to see lawyers during their separation. Lawyers have a way of movingmarriage toward divorce. (93) During their period of trial separation couplesshould not pursue each other at all, either to fight or to reconcile, butshould agree in advance on what kind of contact they will have. Separatedcouples can agree to speak on the phone for a prearranged period, for instance,or meet once a week. (94) Some therapists advise their clients to agree not totalk to each other about their relationship during these encounters and to usethe time apart to reflect on their own lives and see what they can change aboutthemselves. If there are children involved, both parties need to agree on allthe ground rules having to do with kids. Parents should also be aware thatrepeated separations and reconciliations are difficult and confusing forchildren.
A separation,while painful, can help keep the anger down and give a couple time to think. (95)If both are unsure about the future of the marriage, it can provide a timeout,during which they can see what life would be like without the other. Sometimesit leads to divorce. But if couples are able to clarify things, it will improvetheir marriage—or, make their divorce better.
【答案与解析】
91. 虽然当前许多好莱坞电影对婚姻的描述也许过于悲观了,但美国的统计数字也确实令人震惊:每年美国的离婚人数竟占结婚人数的一半。
(while在句首引导让步状语从句,译为“虽然……”,“half as... as ...”译为“相当于……的一半”。)
92. 他们应确定一个双方都同意的分居时间(通常3至6个月)。分居期间,双方必须继续独立解决自己的问题,可以请也可以不请婚姻问题咨询专家帮助。
(主语是they,谓语是should agree,is average在句中作定语用来修饰three to six months,and ... during that time为插入语,在翻译时单独成句,译为分居期间。)
93. 在试分居期间,双方都绝不应该找对方吵架或者和解,而应该事先确定双方保持什么关系。
(本句关键在于during引导的从句在句中作时间状语的译法,译为“在试分居期间”,what kind of contact是宾语前置,在翻译的时候译为“双方保持什么关系”,“in advance”译为“事先”。)
94. 有的医生建议当事人见面时不要谈论两人之间的关系,要利用分居的时间反思自己的生活,看自己在哪些方面能有所改变。
(本句的句式结构比较简单,and连接的两个并列成分,在翻译的时候可以分开来单独成句。)
95. 如果双方都对他们婚姻的未来不确定,分居可以为他们提供一段间歇期,在这段时间里可以使他们知道没有对方的生活会是什么样子。
(本句是由if引导的条件状语从句,句子的主干是it can provide atimeout,译为“为他们提供一段间歇期。”)

Section B (10 points)
Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the wordsgiven in the brackets. Remember to write your answers on the Answer Sheet.
96. 目前世界上还存在着种族歧视、政治冲突和国家间的领土纠纷。(therebe)
【答案】At present there is still racial discrimination, political conflictsand territorial disputes between nations in the world.查看答案
【解析】纠纷dispute。

97. 实际上,孩子们与父母之间的分歧并不像我们想象的那样大。(expect)
【答案】In fact, the gap between children and their parents is not so wideas we expect.查看答案
【解析】像……那样as ... as ...。

98. 许多人没有认识到时间的重要性,这很令人遗憾。(realize)
【答案】It is a pity that many people have not realized the importance oftime.查看答案
【解析】“令人遗憾”的固定译法是It is a pity that。

99. 他继续给大家讲他在国外的所见所闻。(proceed)
【答案】He proceeded to tell us about whathe had seen and heard abroad.查看答案
【解析】proceed to do sth.继续做……。

100. 为了使更多的年轻人能够接受高等教育,许多大学扩大了招生人数。(enlarge)
【答案】Many colleges and universities have enlarged their enrollments inorder that more young people can receive higher education.查看答案
【解析】扩大招生enlarged their enrollments。为了in order that。
Part ⅦWriting (30 minutes, 30 points)
TaskⅠ (10 points)
Directions: You areinterested in attending a language course in England next summer. You have seenthe advertisement below. You have also talked to your English teacher and shehas suggested some things that you should check before you register.
Read the advertisement below, togetherwith your teacher’s note. Then write to the language school, asking forinformation about the points mentioned by your teacher, and anything else that,you think is important.

It’sa great idea for you to do a language course in England. Be careful to choose agood school. When you write, ask about these things:
—student numbers, ages
—details of sports programme, etc.
—local facilities
—teacher’s qualifications
Letme know if you need any more help.
Goodluck!
Write aletter of at least 100 words in an appropriate style on the Answer Sheet. Do not write your address or name.
【参考范文】


Task Ⅱ (20 points)
Directions: Read thefollowing poem and write an essay in which you should discuss its moral andexpress your personal views.

Youshould write no less than 180 words. Now write the essay on the Answer Sheet.
【参考范文】
This is a didacticpoem written by Richard Stoddart, an American poet. It tells us to concentrateon what we are doing and complete it.
Work while youwork and play while you play. Forthat is the way to be happy and great. These two lines instruct us toconcentrate on what we are doing. A man cannot spin and reel at the same time, otherwisehe won’t get the best outcome. When we are working, we should forget all the attractionsand pay all our attention on the task. While when we are playing, play heartilyand forget the work undone and the other anxieties and stressful things. Itmakes our life pleasant, efficient and successful.
The last twolines tell us that whatever we do, we should try our best to do it completely.If we are careless and reckless, we can achieve nothing. Also persistence is essentialfor us to be successful. Do not give up what you are doing just because theminor problems they have.
Concentrationand persistence are what we need whatever we do. Only by insisting on this rulecan we be happy and great.

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